Kosharnyy Valeriy Pavlovich, Doctor of philosophy, head of sub-department of philosophy, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Background. Religios-philosophical teaching of early Slavophiles is distinguished by originality of the advanced ideas. The originality of their philosophicalhistorical and sociological ideas is both a subject of arguments between various intellectual trends in the society, and a significant factor of influence on formation of views of many Russian thinkers. The problems, formulated by Slavophiles, K. S. Aksakov in particular, in the field of philosophy of history, language, lead to the problems that are topical for the modern knowledge in humanities.
Materials and methods. Realization of research tasks was achieved through using the works by early Slavophiles, researchers of Soviet and Russian scientists dedicated to the problems under consideration. In the center of attention were the works by K. S. Aksakov, who significantly contributed to the research of philosophy of Russian history. Methodology includes the comparative historical method which allows to show the originality of philosophical-sociological views of the Russian thinker.
Results. The article reveals the main steps of intellectual biography of K. S. Aksakov, theoretical and social sources and premises of his philosophical-historical and historical-sociological theory. The author interprets the content of Aksakov’s teaching about the man, people as s subject of historical action. Special attention is paid
to the historical-sociological conception of “the state and the earth”. The article considers philological metaphysics by K. Aksakov and influence thereof on knowledge in humanities.
Conclusions. On the basis of the analysis of historical-philosophical sources the author concludes that although K.S. Aksakov was not among the founders of the Slavophile doctrine, he was the one who developed the conception of the Russian history on the basis Slavophile principles. K.S. Aksakov’s division of the state and “the earth”, his teaching about the subject of historical action, ideas about Zemstvo importance, estimation of importance of political activity in life of society influenced the national socio-political conception of the second part of XIX century. Philosophy of language of the Russian thinker prejudiced the faith, accepted in European idea of XVII-XVIII centuries, in universal and impersonal objectivity of the cognitive process.
historical philosophy of Slavophiles, religious and moral facts of history, conception of “the state and the earth”, theory of “nonstatehood”, slavophile philosophy of language.
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